The motives behind the Colorado Springs shooting were still under investigation on Sunday, but in recent decades, America’s L.G.B.T.Q. clubs and bars have been targeted in a series of hate-fueled attacks.
In 2016, a gunman killed 49 people and wounded 53 others at Pulse, a crowded gay nightclub in Orlando, Fla., in the second deadliest mass shooting in American history. The gunman pledged allegiance to the Islamic State militant group in a call to 911.
On Nov. 19, 1980, exactly 42 years before the shooting in Colorado Springs, a gunman killed two men in front of two gay venues in New York City’s West Village.
A former transit police officer, who was also a minister’s son, fired a submachine gun indiscriminately at men standing in front of the Ramrod, a popular leather bar, and the Sneakers bar on West Street.
One of the victims was Vernon Kroening, a former Benedictine monk originally from Minnesota, who was the music director, choirmaster and organist of St. Joseph’s Roman Catholic Church in Greenwich Village. The other was Jorg Wenz, a 24-year-old doorman at the Ramrod, who died hours later at St. Vincent’s Hospital. Six other men were injured that night.
In 2000, a former Marine who said that he was on a mission to kill gay people, shot and killed a man and injured six others in Roanoke, Va.
In 1997, an explosion injured five people at a gay bar in Atlanta. Eric R. Rudolph, a right-wing extremist, claimed responsibility for that and a series of other bombings, including a deadly explosion at the 1996 Olympic Games in the city.
In 1973, 32 people died in an arson attack at the UpStairs Lounge, a gay bar in the French Quarter in New Orleans. At a time of severe anti-gay stigma, some churches refused to bury the victims. The arsonist was never arrested.